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Kookaburras are the largest members of the kingfisher family. There are four species in total.
The Blue-winged Kookaburra of northern Australia makes a call described more like a harsh, cackling scream! It is slightly smaller than its laughing cousin with more blue on the wing.
Read more about our work to protect the tropical woodland home of the Blue-winged Kookaburra here.
The Laughing Kookaburra of eastern Australia makes a very familiar call sounding like raucous laughter. It’s used to establish territory among family groups, most often at dawn and dusk. Unfortunately, Laughing Kookaburras are also well established in south-west Western Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand after being artificially introduced. In WA they are significant threat to native lizard species and take up vital nesting hollows that endangered black cockatoos need to breed successfully. They have a distinctive dark eye stripe.
The Spangled and Rufous-bellied Kookaburras, natives to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, occasionally visit Australian islands of the Torres Strait.
A tough start to life
Kookaburra chicks may be blind and naked once hatched but they are still very aggressive. The young chicks have special hooks on their beaks. They use these to fight each other in the nest – the first two hatchlings often pecking the third and final chick to death leaving more food for the themselves.
Kookaburras are almost exclusively carnivorous, eating mice, snakes, insects, small reptiles and the young of other birds. In suburban parks and gardens they can become quite brazen and will happily snatch a sausage or two off your barbecue!
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